Understanding what a septic tank is, what it specifically does and how this thing works is essential to know what is involved in septic tank pumping. Simply put, septic system is an underground treatment system intended for keeping household waste. Typical septic system composed of 4 major components and these are the pipe from the house, the tank itself, drain field and of course, the soil.
Damage or malfunction to the components can compromise the system which can lead to contamination of soil and drinking water. When such thing happens, the repairs will be costly or even require homeowners to buy a new tank to replace the old one if the damage has gone through considerable extent.
A basic explanation to how these systems work start with wastewater leaving your house through plumbing network in the house to pipe that then goes straight to the tank. As for the septic tank, it’s buried few feet underground and they’re often constructed in water tight manner using materials like concrete, fiberglass or polyethylene. What this actually mean is, it can hold wastewater long enough to let solids settle at the bottom of the tank and form sludge while allowing oils to float on top and form scum.
There are some solid wastes that are decomposing too. There are several components and T-shaped outlet from septic tank which is preventing scum and sludge from leaving the tank and go to the drain field. To be able to get rid of viruses and harmful bacteria from the liquid once it has entered the drain field, it will be filtered from different layers of soil.
To remove the scum and sludge from the tank, it is necessary to carry out septic tank pumping periodically. If the sludge and scum has built up in the septic tank and you don’t took any action to get rid of it, this can cause clogs to the drainage from tank and to the drain field. With the service offered of local septic tank company, they’ll be performing periodic cleaning of the tank and pump and clean it to make sure that things are working out fine.
In regards to septic tank pumping process, there will be a big tank truck that has hoses and pumps for suctioning the tank. These hoses are inserted to a manhole opening at the ground to remove sludge and scum. These two are sucked out of the tank and straight to the tank and then, disposed in appropriate fashion. Once the suctioning is done, your septic service company will be inspecting the valves, ground and tank if there are leaks or clogs in the tank.