Mesothelioma is a type of cancer that is so rare, and its cause is linked to the asbestos exposure. Mesothelioma is cancer that occurs in the mesothelium.
This type of tumor usually affects the cells making up the mesothelial lining both in the abdomen and the chest. Furthermore, its development starts from the tissues covering the pleural wall, pericardial wall of the heart and the peritoneal wall of the abdomen.
There are cases where medical experts find the tumor in stomach walls and other abdominal organs, but this is extremely rare. Mesothelioma may also attack the ovaries and scrotum.
Mesothelioma typically invades the pleural wall or the esophagus during its second stage. Mesothelioma takes a long time to develop, typically from 15-40 years. This is to say that individuals who were exposed to asbestos back in the 1980s when asbestos handling and use were not highly regulated are beginning to fall sick now.
The primary symptom associated with the mesothelial tumor is the build-up of fluid in between the chest cavity and the lung tissues. Other signs and symptoms of the mesothelial tumor are fluid build-up in the abdomen or ascites, rapid weight loss, bowel malfunction, abdominal growth as well as generalized pain in the abdomen.
Symptoms such as difficulty in swallowing food, mass on the neck and face can indicate that the tumor has spread.
Some of the common symptoms of pleural mesothelioma are persistent pain in the chest, severe difficulty when breathing, accumulation of the fluid in pleural lining, persistent cough, weight loss, and fever. Severe pain and struggling when breathing is as a result of pleural effusions.
On the other hand, symptoms associated with the peritoneal mesothelioma include weight loss, abdominal pain, and abdominal mass because of the ascetic fluid that accumulated over time.
Early detection and subsequent treatment are fundamental when it comes to this kind of cancer, and almost all other types of cancer. This critical because it ensures the greater potential of complete recovery by use of standard therapies.
Diagnosis begins with scrutinizing the patient’s medical history, as well as asking questions to know if he or she has ever been exposed to asbestos and asbestos products. Nonetheless, the eventual diagnosis of this sort of disease relies on the pathological review, frequently called a biopsy.
Having that in mind, detecting and curing this mesothelial cancer can be not only hard, but can also be costly as this may require the attention of specialized oncologist.
If the medical specialist cannot arrive at the final diagnosis by use of fluid effusions, a delicate surgical procedure called thoracoscopy is applied to detect the tumor.
the CT scans can help in diagnosis, but the most exhaustive diagnosis is confirmed with pathological exam of a biopsy.
Mesothelioma is deadly cancer which is relatively rare although in the last few decades the number of individuals who have died from it has dramatically increased.